git

Git 配置

  • 简介

命令行查看配置

  • 查看帮助 git config --help
  • 查看全局配置 git config --global --list
  • 查看系统配置 git config --system --list
  • 查看当前配置 git config --local --list

权重 ------ 仓库>全局>系统

全局配置

安装 Git 后 ,首先要配置的是全局的用户名和邮箱📮
命令行配置如下:

git config --global user.name "username"
git config --global user.email demo@example.com

Mac 电脑的 全局配置文件路径 ~/.gitconfig

  • 直接编辑文本 vi ~/.gitconfig

配置 diff - merge 工具 Kaleidoscope

[diff]
	tool = Kaleidoscope
[difftool]
	prompt = false
[difftool "Kaleidoscope"]
	cmd = ksdiff --partial-changeset --relative-path \"$MERGED\" -- \"$LOCAL\" \"$REMOTE\"
[merge]
	tool = Kaleidoscope
[mergetool]
	prompt = false
[mergetool "Kaleidoscope"]
	cmd = ksdiff --merge --output \"$MERGED\" --base \"$BASE\" -- \"$LOCAL\" \"$REMOTE\"
[diff "exif"]
    textconv = exiftool
[diff "plist"]
    textconv = plutil -convert xml1 -o -

配置别名

[alias]
    br = branch
    ca = commit -a
    ci = commit
    co = checkout
    st = status
    oln = log --pretty=oneline --since='2 days ago' --color --graph --abbrev-commit
    olg = log -p -1 --color --graph --pretty=format:'%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%ci) %C(bold blue) <%an>%Creset' --abbrev-commit
    lg = log --color --graph --pretty=format:'%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%ci) %C(bold blue) <%an>%Creset' --abbrev-commit
    amend = !git log -n 1 --pretty=tformat:%s%n%n%b | git commit -F - --amend
    zip = !git archive --format zip master --output
    zipHead = !git archive --format=zip HEAD --output
    rmd = !git ls-files -d  -z | xargs -0 git rm

配置颜色

[color]
    diff = auto
    status = auto
    branch = auto
    interactive = auto
  • 账户信息
[user]
	name = manajay
	email = manajay@company.com
[github]
	user = manajay
	token = 942cmanajay1f1c46dmanajay618manajay7e1
  • 其他配置
[log]
    date = local
[core]
    excludesfile = ~/.gitignore_global # 无需纳入 Git 管理的文件
    whitespace = cr-at-eol # 让 Git 知道行尾回车符是合法的
    quotepath = false
    editor = /usr/local/bin/nvim # 默认编辑器
    attributesfile = ~/.gitattributes
[i18n]
    commitencoding = utf-8
    logoutputencoding = utf-8
[gui]
    encoding = utf-8
[push]
    default = current
[grep]
    lineNumber = true
[help]
    format = html
  • 全局忽略文件的配置 ~/.gitignore_global
_Store
.DS_Store?
*.<Plug>(StopHL)<Plug>(StopHL)swp
._*
.Spotlight-V100
.Trashes
ehthumbs.db
Thumbs.db

项目配置

类似全局配置文件, 路径在项目的 .git/config 里面, 要特别注意的是配置的权重也就是优先级问题

  • 查看当前配置 git config --local --list

demo

[core]
	repositoryformatversion = 0
	filemode = true
	bare = false
	logallrefupdates = true
	ignorecase = true
	precomposeunicode = true
[submodule]
	active = .
[remote "origin"]
	url = https://xxxxx.git
	fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
	sslVerify = true
	gtServiceAccountIdentifier = xxxxx
[difftool "tower"]
	cmd = \"/Applications/Tower.app/Contents/Resources/kaleidoscope.sh\" \"$LOCAL\" \"$REMOTE\" \"$MERGED\"
[mergetool "tower"]
	cmd = \"/Applications/Tower.app/Contents/Resources/kaleidoscope.sh\" \"$LOCAL\" \"$REMOTE\" \"$BASE\" \"$MERGED\"
	trustExitCode = true
[branch "master"]
	remote = origin
	merge = refs/heads/master
  • 推荐使用 Tower 应用

参考

git
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段连洁's Picture
段连洁

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